What Is Lung Cancer? Everything You Should Know About It.


Cancer is one of the most deadly illnesses ever known. In 2012 alone, it caused about 8.2 million deaths representing about 14.6% of all human deaths in that year. In the same year, about 14.1 million new cases of the disease occurred meaning that it is a growing problem as opposed to a receding one. Fortunately, cancer is survivable. For example, the survival rate for this medical condition in the US 5 years after the initial diagnosis is 66%. Improving this rate of survival is impossible if people know more about this illness. For example, did you know that about 100 types of cancers exist and one of the most common ones is lung cancer? Here are some facts on this type of cancer so that you can keep yourself healthy by knowing how to prevent or deal with it.

What Is Lung Cancer?

The technical name for this medical condition is lung carcinoma, which refers to a malignant tumor growing in a person’s lungs. This tumor destroys other healthy tissues around it impeding the function of the lungs. It may also prevent the lung from functioning properly by blocking airways including a major airway critical to breathing. If untreated for a long time, it might spread to other parts of a person’s body making it more difficult to treat than it was when confined to the lungs. Symptoms of this illness include coughing, weight loss, chest pain, and short breath. It is also common to see a person suffering from it coughing up blood. Unfortunately, lung cancer is quite common. In 2012, 1.8 million new cases of this cancer occurred while 1.6 million people succumbed to it in the same year. Currently, it causes the highest number of cancer deaths in men. After breast cancer, it is the highest cause of cancer-related deaths in women.

The Prevention of Lung Cancer

The survival rate for this illness is not as uplifting as that of other types of cancer. For example, the average survival rate in the US 5 years after the initial diagnosis of lung cancer is 17.4% as opposed to a 66% average for all cancers. It means that preventing this illness is of great importance to anyone. Doing so is possible and in some cases, cost effective. More specifically, smoking accounts for 85% of all lung cancer incidents and as such, not smoking cigarettes reducing your chances of developing this illness tremendously. Remember, you should also avoid second-hand smoking because it accounts for about 3,400 annual deaths in the US. You should also go for regular screening so that doctors can detect it early if it develops in you.

The Treatment of Lung Cancer

The successful treatment of this illness depends on the type of cancerous cell that afflicts a patient, the extent of damage caused to the lungs, and the physical well-being of a person. The options available include surgery, palliative care, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgery is only applicable if the disease is yet to spread to a point where an invasive medical procedure might be detrimental to the patient’s health. When doctors decide on radiotherapy as the best option, they often do it together with chemotherapy.

A Straight Up Tanda Zap Review

tanda zap

I’m a Tanda Zap user. I’ve been asked to take my experience and present an honest Tanda Zap review.

I’ve suffered from acne since my early teens. I’m talking severe, constant outbreaks. There were times I hated looking in the mirror. My mother insisted I looked handsome as ever, and I just wanted to scream at her. But she was my mom, so what can you do, right?

The outside world certainly let me know the harsh truth. Acne is something that just keeps on giving… kids reasons to humiliate you. I laughed. I returned the barbs best I could. But there were many times I had to push the embarrassment deep down inside. After all, I was a zit face, right?

I tried all the cleansing soaps, the creams, the gels, the wipe pads. Back then it was believed sweets, particularly chocolates, were the culprit. For many years in fact they said overall diet had something to do with acne outbreaks. So as much as I loved a good candy bar or snack cake, I struggled to stay away from the goodies. It didn’t help. Doctors suggested that I should stop eating from the teenager’s menu. That meant no French fries, hamburgers, pizza and all the other great greasy fried foods that make up a kid’s steady diet. None of it made a difference.

Now everything’s changed. Like I said, I’m a proud Tanda Zap user and this Tanda Zap review will tell you why. Even my family dermatologist from Dermatologist Orange County fully endorses and encourages continued use! Can’t say more than that.

What is Acne?

Before I’d read a single Tanda Zap review, I’d already done more research on the subject of acne than anyone would want to know.

Zits are sebaceous glands contaminated with bacteria. They find their way to the base of hair follicles where they block skin pores. Now, sebaceous glands exist inside skin pores where sebum is produced. That’s an oily, sticky secretion consisting of epithelial debris and fat. As the skin’s outer layers shed, dead skin sticks to sebum, resulting in the blockage.
Though the pore is blocked, sebum continues to be produced. The buildup leads to bacteria, specifically Propionibacterium acnes (P acne). This blockage actually happens to all of us. It’s just that for some it reproduces too fast, causing the inflammatory spots and lesions.

Does Tanda Zap Really Work?

As any Tanda Zap review will tell you, the Zap device uses acne blue light treatment. This new technology has proven to be extremely efficient in fighting acne. No longer do I have to buy all the creams, pads, gels, etc. They all had disappointingly minimal, if any, effect at all. There are plenty of Tanda Acne Zap reviews that talk about how this device has dynamically changed the way we approach this skin disease, offering anyone the chance to have clear, beautiful skin with no side effects.

I came across the Tanda Zap through my girlfriend. Though she never said a word about my condition, she knew how I felt about it. She said a friend had recommended it. I was fairly surprised because I’d never see a single outbreak on her friend’s face. Later, I realized it was probably because she was using the Tanda Zap.

I did my research. I had to. I wasn’t the kid that bought and tried everything he could get his hands on only to be disillusioned again and again. I found plenty of reviews. Each Tanda Zap review was positive and in-depth. I decided to give it a shot.

What is the Tanda Zap Device?

Like many Tanda Zap Acne reviews say, this device uses revolutionary blue light and sonic vibration technology to clear acne. Blue Light technology uses 414 nm wavelength light to destroy “P acne” inside your pores. Blue light technology is cleared by FDA. It utilizes LED light bulbs, and it doesn’t give off heat. It is perfectly safe for all skin types.
Topical treatments sit on the skin surface and can be ineffective as the problem’s beneath it. Many result in irritation and redness. Because topical medications aren’t needed for light therapy, there will be no side effects associate with skin irritation, redness, dryness and swelling.

Blue light therapy utilizes a clinically proven, non-UV light that goes after the bacteria inside the pores. The light kills bacteria in the sebaceous glands, eliminating clogging compounds and clearing outbreaks. It can also prevent future acne breakouts by killing bacteria deep beneath the skin surface before a pimple can form.

Many research studies have demonstrated that blue light therapy promotes healthier cells. It treats all forms of acne without damaging the skin. I’ve found this approach to be the best way to battle stubborn zits.

Below are the Pros and Cons of Tanda Zap:


  1. Kills acne causing bacteria deep beneath skin surface
  2. Gentle enough to be used twice a day
  3. Reduces scarring
  4. No topical application or squeezing needed
  5. Safe for all skin types
  6. No dryness, irritation, redness or swelling
  7. No UV Light danger
  8. FDA Cleared
  9. Clinically proven results
  10. Helps prevent further outbreaks
  11. Fits in the pocket to be taken anywhere.


LED becomes ineffective after 1,000 treatmentsThe battery will need frequent changing, usually after 50 treatmentsThe device only treats one small area at a time.

Of course, I wouldn’t say any of those cons are worth turning my back on the best product I’ve encountered to fight my acne.

2 Different Size Models to Choose From

Tanda offers 2 different size models for you to choose. They are Tanda Zap and Tanda Clear Plus. The major difference between the two is that Tanda Clear Plus is a professional model which covers larger surface area.


I’m excited I was given the opportunity to write this Tanda Zap review. Acne blue light treatment is a great solution for fighting acne. It’s convenient and easy. It’s boosted my self-esteem and confidence. If you carefully follow the Tanda Zap instructions, over time expect reduced outbreaks and minimized scarring.

Danger Ahead: A Guide To Brain Tumors

brainWhen referring to a brain tumor, it is any mass or abnormal cell that grows inside or close to the brain. There are several types of brain tumors diagnosed today although all of them fall under two main categories namely benign and malignant. Benign tumors are those growths that are non-cancerous meaning they do not replicate to spread to other body parts. Malignant tumors on the other hand are cancerous and can spread to, or may have spread from other parts of the body. In normal growth, brain and body cells grow, function and die to be replaced by new ones. Tumors do not follow this cycle as they never die; they continue to grow and the mass becomes bigger causing various health problems.

Symptoms and characteristics

Most brain tumors are characterized by headaches that do not respond to known medicine although there are several types of headaches that are not tumors. Some brain tumors may develop slowly without symptoms only to cause rapid decline in health when they are fully flourished while others show symptoms early enough. The rate of growth of a brain tumor varies from one patient to another depending on different aspects including type of tumor and its location which also affect its impact on the nervous system. Some of the common symptoms of brain tumors include;

• Severe headaches and seizures
• Changes in vision, speech and/or hearing
• Balance and mobility problems especially when standing and walking
• Tingling and/or numbness in the arms and legs
• Personality chances
• Memory and concentration problems
• Weaknesses in one or various parts of the body


Brain tumor is diagnosed using a unique procedure that starts with patient questioning. It is important to note that the abovementioned symptoms are caused by several other conditions and experiencing a couple does not suggest you have a tumor. The physician will ask questions about the symptoms, family and personal medical history and then proceed to physical exams and a neurological examination. If there is reason enough to suspect brain tumor, the doctor will recommend either;

1. CAT (CT) scan or MRI which is an imaging test that scans and shows details of the brain.

2. MRA or Angiogram which involves using X-rays and dying blood vessels to identify any abnormal blood vessel or signs of tumor.

The doctor may also request a biopsy which takes small samples of the brain to the lab for cancer tests. A small hole is drilled through the brain before surgery starts to remove samples of the brain.


Once brain tumor is diagnosed, surgery is often the way out to remove all tumors. However, the delicate nature of human brain makes surgery quite difficult. In such cases, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are used to shrink the cells of the tumor and kill some stunting more growth. Chemotherapy is also a post-surgery treatment used to kill all remaining cancer cells in the brain. Sometimes, gamma-knife therapy (a special heightened type of radiotherapy) is used to kill tumors located deep in the brain. Treatment options have a high likelihood of damaging other brain cells so it is very important to discuss treatments before they are initiated.

Post surgery rehabilitation may involve working with physical therapists (to regain strength, mobility and balance), speech therapists (to address problems with speaking, expressing thoughts and swallowing) and occupation therapists (to resume and manage daily activities like bathing, dressing, using the toilet).

Facts On Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a serious health condition. In this situation, your throat tissues completely or partially block your airways. That prevents you from breathing. There are some other symptoms of the sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can be cured. You just need to recognize it and to consult a doctor for the treatment.

You can also snore when your tongue and throat muscles are relaxed. This is a normal process and you do not need to be worried about that. Even some medications can be the reason of the snoring. Old age is also the reason of the snoring as well.

sleep apnea problems

Symptoms of sleep apnea

Generally, snoring leads to sleep apnea. The primary symptoms of snoring are distinctive. You will experience some loud and harsh noises that come through your nose when you are in sleep. Following are some other symptoms of the snoring. If you are having all of them, then it is better to consult a doctor. You might be suffering from sleep apnea.

• Unnecessary daytime sleepiness
• Gasping or choking while sleeping
• Pauses in breathing
• Find it difficult to concentrate
• Morning headache
• Frequent urination during night time
• Depression and frustration
• Moodiness and irritability

How many people go through this phase?

Snoring is considered normal. And many people go through this phase. Around half of this population experience occasional and all time snoring. You might have gone through this phase even without your knowledge. The problem with the snoring is that it cannot be recognized by you if it is not accompanied by some other symptoms. It will create more complications for your partner rather than you. However, sleep apnea is a serious health problem.
Below is the statistics of how many people go through this phase and which age group suffers the most.

People of thirty years old and above

In this age group, the chances of sleep apnea are more. The reason behind this possibility is irregular food habits, lack of exercise, lack of adequate sleep, and the consumption of the alcohol. Thirty percent people of this age group have this disorder and all of them experience complete snoring and find difficulty in sleeping.

People of forty years and above

In this age group, the possibility is more. The reasons are same, unhealthy lifestyles, alcohol consumption, and inadequate sleep. The sufferers in this age group are forty percent. And the difficulty is that they really find it hard to deal with this issue and it continues as they do not do anything to reduce the possibility.

Women suffering from sleep apnea

Surprisingly, you will find very fewer cases in women. Women suffer less as their physical activities, less consumption of alcohol and healthy food habits work well for them. Only nineteen percent of women experience snoring and sleep apnea in their lifetime and it includes all age groups.


baby sleep apnea

Though the number is less, but still children experience snoring. Some of the causes are nasal structure and difficulty sleeping. Only 5.6 percent children experience snoring.

Twenty-eight percent people are suffering from Sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is different from snoring. But you can say that it is another form of snoring. The difference is that sleep apnea is dangerous and it needs treatment.

Vitiligo: A Patchy Skin Condition


Courtesy of AAD

Vitiligo is a skin condition that results in the loss of skin color in patches. Many people do not know much about the condition, and most of them associate it with burns. Vitiligo occurs when melanin cells in certain parts of the skin die. Melanin is the color giving pigment for many body organs including the eyes, skin and even hair. When melanin cells, also known as melanocytes die in sections of the skin, it results in those patches losing their color and gain the color white.
The loss of skin color on patches of the skin is devastating for most people; it can be a great source of depression and low self-esteem. However, those who suffer the condition have a remedy with dermatologists, who even though not able to completely cure the condition, can do much to alleviate it.

What kills melanocytes?

This is a question that still continues to puzzle scientists, and they have not yet reached a definite conclusion as to what causes the death of these very important cells. Many dermatologists have however put forward certain viable theories in a bid to explain this mysterious loss of skin color.

Some belong to the school of thought that Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease. These scientists believe that the immune system in the body takes the melanocytes to be dangerous to health and so destroy them as expected. The destruction of these very important and harmless cells by the immune system is then made manifest by loss of skin color in areas where the cells have been destroyed.

Others believe that the melanocytes destroy themselves, therefore the skin parts that lack the melanin lack color too. There are some who tend to think that genetics play a major role in the spread of Vitiligo. This means that those people who had parents or people in their family suffering from the condition have a high likelihood of getting the disease.

All of these are simply theories that scientists are still working on in order to reach a conclusion on what causes the annihilation of melanocytes. It is important to note that Vitiligo is not a communicable disease that can be spread through contact or air.

Who is susceptible to Vitiligo?

Anyone can get Vitiligo. This means that people of all ages, races and even sexes can get the disease. There are however people who are more likely to get the disorder for a number of reasons.

People who have autoimmune diseases such as hyperthyroidism are at high risk of getting Vitiligo, seeing that some scientists have even labeled Vitiligo an autoimmune disease. Sometimes, those who have been genetically predisposed to the disease are also at high risk of getting it, although there are many children of parents who suffer from Vitiligo that never get the disease.

The disease is more noticeable in people with dark skin, and in all honesty, this can take a toll on anyone. One can never tell how far the disease will spread, and the more it spreads the worse it is for the sick person.

Is there treatment for the disease?

The good news is that there is something that dermatologists can do to help contain the disease. There are medical and surgical treatments for the disease, and they are administered according to personal preference, and what doctors think will work best for you. Medical treatments include taking oral medicines or applying creams on affected areas. And sometimes, these medicines might also include ultraviolet rays for more effective treatment.

Surgical treatments include grafts and tattooing of small sections of the skin, particularly where the affected potions of the skin are small. There also cosmetics that can help camouflage the white patches, and if they work for you, why not?

If you suspect that you might be suffering from the disease, it is important that you contact your dermatologist who will advise and treat you in good time. In truth, the condition can be devastating, and your dermatologist might just give you the support that you need.

At the end of the day, you need to remember that Vitiligo is simply a skin disorder, and not let your whole life revolve around it. With the right kind of support and healthcare, you will make it through.

A Guide on Urinary Tract Infections

urineUrinary tract infections are more common in women than in men. This is attributed to the anatomy of the female body. Just as the name suggests, urinary tract infections are ailments that affect the urinary pathway touching the bladder and the kidneys. The infections are mainly caused by bacteria; although viruses can also cause the problem. This condition can affect anyone although there are risk factors that will be highlighted below.


There are numerous symptoms that come with urinary tract infections; commonly abbreviated as UTIs. Outer infections will affect the bladder or urethra while upper infections will affect the kidneys. Lower infections that are not too deep in the system will cause people to feel an urge to pee often. Many will feel as though they cannot fully empty their bladder. Pain and discomfort while peeing is also another common sign. Blood in the urine is usually a sure sign of an infection in the urinary tract. Lower tummy pain and foul-smelling urine are other indicators. When the infection has entered the bloodstream, people will feel tired and unwell. Fever, chills and confusion are the signs of an inner urinary tract infection.

Causes and risk factors

As hinted to earlier, these infections are mainly caused by bacteria. This bacteria could be from the gut. Improper wiping after passing stool and having sex are the main vehicles that transport bacteria to the urinary tract area. Wiping should always be from front to back. Cleaning up and passing urine immediately after sex will reduce the chances of suffering from an infection. Risk factors increase your chances of developing the condition and they include the following;

Diabetes, use of condoms that come with spermicides, weak immune system, use of a urinary catheter and an enlarged prostrate gland in men. Pregnancy and kidney stones are other risk factors on the list. The above conditions are responsible for recurring UTIs which are not uncommon. Proper management for the underlying condition is key to getting a lasting cure.


A short course of antibiotics will help clear the infection. In cases where they do not work, following up with your health care provider is key. For pain and discomfort, painkillers like paracetamol will help. The antibiotics should clear the problem in less than a week in cases that are not too severe.


It is essential for every person to consider prevention; as this will save them a lot of heartache. Avoid perfumed soaps and talcum powder in and around your genitals. Observe proper hygiene and always wipe from front to back. Stay hydrated and empty your bladder as soon as the urge comes. Wear cotton underwear and avoid synthetic materials like nylon. Tight clothing around the private area should also be avoided. Taking action when you first see a sign will help avoid a severe infection. In light of this, always consult a doctor instead of self-medicating when you suspect a problem. Recurrent infections should be taken seriously because they can indicate a deeper problem. All in all, proper prevention and management of the condition will ensure a UTI-free life.

Learn About All Types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a liver infection often characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the liver cells. The word originated from Greek word ‘hepar’ which means liver and the Latin word ‘itis’ meaning inflammation. There are five main types of hepatitis which include A, B, C, D, E, and types X and G. The type is often determined through laboratory tests.

What are the causes of hepatitis?

blood cell

The most common cause is viral hepatitis. There are also some less common causes which include autoimmune disease, certain medications, plants, some industrial organic solvents, ingestion of toxic substances, and unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person. A baby can also get infected through the mother’s milk in case the mother is infected.

A person can only be infected with hepatitis D if they already have hepatitis B infection. If the virus in an infected person cannot be linked to either of the five viruses, it is referred to as hepatitis X.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis?

The vast majority of patients infected show mild symptoms while others experience no symptoms. It can manifest itself as either acute or chronic depending on the cause. However, the acute one can still progress to a chronic one. In people who will experience the symptoms, they do appear after about 15 to 180 days of infection. The symptoms in the initial phase are like that of mild flu and include:

-Muscle or joint aches
-Slight abdominal pain
-Loss of appetite

Weight loss

The symptoms in the initial phase are not dangerous; however, if it develops into a rapidly progressing form it can be dangerous leading to even death. As the patient gets worse, some of the symptoms that may follow include:

-Light colored faeces which may contain pus
-Enlarged spleen
-Circulation problems
-Dark urine
-Itchy skin

Treatment for hepatitis

Diagnosis for hepatitis is usually based on the patient’s signs and symptoms, blood tests, liver biopsy, imaging, sexual and substance use history. Though there is still no approved treatment for hepatitis A, the majority of those infected tend to recover naturally. A doctor may also advice them to abstain from alcohol and drugs until they have fully recovered. Those with hepatitis B are required to have a diet high in protein and carbohydrate to repair their damaged liver cells and protect the liver. The doctor may also prescribe for them interferon. A patient with hepatitis C is prescribed ribavirin and pegylated interferon. Hepatitis D and E are difficult to treat and have no effective treatment up to now. Pregnant women with severe cases may need to be hospitalized. If the doctor finds that the patient has non-viral hepatitis, he prescribes medications that help remove the harmful substance out of the stomach.


Children above the age of one are recommended to take the hepatitis A vaccine. Anybody under the age of 19 years old is also required to routinely get the hepatitis B vaccine. Currently, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C and E. Some of the prevention measures aside from vaccine include:

-Maintaining good hygiene
-Consume cooked foods
-Cover open wounds
-Safe sex practices
-Abstaining from use of injection drugs
-Clean water practices
-Going easy on alcohol.